29.10.2020

The state Duma adopted the law on the taxation of self-employed

Payment of taxes will be simplified procedure for registration you will need to download the mobile application of the Federal tax service “My tax”. When registering on the portal of tax on account of self-employed citizen will be credited 10 000, which are registered in the documents as a tax deduction.

The author of the bill, the head of the Duma Committee on budget and taxes Andrey Makarov, during the discussion of legislative initiative warned that self-employed citizens who refused to participate in the experiment and to pay taxes, will be subject to fines in the amount of their income. “If detected in humans, such income, but he does not pays, he pays a fine in the amount of income he receives. It’s all completely trackable,” he said at the end of October.

Deputy Makarov commented on the fears of citizens that the state might be tricking them, and once they sign up, raise the stakes. “The law stipulates that the preservation of its terms by law are guaranteed for 10 years. Is not subject to any changes that worsen the situation of the payer nor the terms of the bet, either in the income”, – quotes the press service of the state Duma of his word.

On a special tax regime can move individuals and individual entrepreneurs recognized as self-employed (earn income from their activities, but do not have the employer do not attract employees under labor contracts). Their income must not exceed 2.4 million rubles a year.

The new law provides incentives to companies who use goods or services of self-employed. In particular, when determining the tax base for calculation of tax on profit of organizations will not take into account the cost of the acquisition of goods and services this category of citizens. Under these rules fall well as organizations and individual entrepreneurs who pay a single agricultural tax and simplified tax system of taxation.

In the original version of the bill, it was assumed that if you try to hide income from the IRS, self-employed citizens will have to pay 20% of the amount of that income (but not less than 1000 rubles). In case of repeated violation the penalty will be 100% of the amount not generated fiscal receipt (but not less than 5,000 rubles). As adopted by the state Duma of the law is removed a fixed amount of the fine in rubles, but remained the established percentage of the amount of calculations. Makarov in this regard, he promised that FNS did not agree to impose sanctions in the first year of the experiment.

Currently in Russia, according to the head of the Federal labour and employment service Maxim Topilin, there are nearly 15 million self-employed people who are not registered as individual entrepreneurs, but independently and at their own risk lead business activities with personal involvement. Today they do not pay taxes and contributions to the funds of mandatory medical and social insurance, but social infrastructure.

To bring self-employed people out of the shadows, for them in Russia in 2017-2018 established tax holidays. In order to get them right, the self-employed had to stand on the account in tax Department. It was assumed that the expiration of tax breaks self-employed citizens will cease to engage in their activities, become individual entrepreneurs or begin to pay personal income tax at a rate of 13%.

In the beginning of 2018 holding then a post of the head of the accounts chamber Tatyana Golikova acknowledged that the government’s attempt to legalize self-employment failed, as of December 1, 2017 in the information system of the Federal tax service has registered a total of 813 people.

In February 2018, economic development Minister Maxim Oreshkin said at an investment forum in Sochi on plans to introduce a single tax payment of 6% for self-employed people. In may 2018, the Ministry of Finance presented its proposal for a special tax regime for self-employed people. It was for them to introduce tax on professional income.

In the summer of 2018. reported that the Russian government is discussing the possibility to exempt self-employed people from making insurance contributions to the Pension Fund, but to hold them accountable for the size of their future pensions. He said that the challenge for government is to ensure a certain minimum from the point of view of pension provision. “If a person is willing to save, to work, you need to create the mechanisms that will allow to increase the level of pensions relative to the level of social pensions”, – said the head of Ministry of economic development.

He explained that self-employed citizens is one of the most active parts of society and they should be actively thinking about their own future. This means that getting the most simple tax regime, entrepreneurs must take responsibility for the level of their pension provision.

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