16.04.2021

U.S. authorities said in a lawsuit against the companies Pavel Durov

Yuri Milner, 57 years

State: $3.7 billion

Yuri Milner always was interested to learn about the world – its complexity, beauty and possibility. For the sake of future investor graduated from the physics Department of MSU, for the sake of this – in 1990, said goodbye to science. He plunged into the prospects, which promised the country and the world of computer era, and became a pioneer of it business in Russia. In 2001, Milner founded the company netBridge merged with Mail.ru. So began the history of one of the most important players in the industry – holding Mail.ru Group, since 2010 listed on the London stock exchange.

In 2012, Milner decided to focus on international projects and left Mail.ru Group, remaining at the head of the investment Fund DST Global. Together with his partners he successfully invested in a number of leading technology companies, and in parallel began to devote time and energy area of activity, which left a quarter of a century ago – scientific knowledge. Along with mark Zuckerberg, Sergey Brin, Priscilla Chan and Anne Wojecki investor founded the Breakthrough Prize award of $3 million to Its winners – the scientists who discovered breakthroughs in physics, mathematics and biology. The mission of the project is to stimulate the natural craving for knowledge of the world – I think Milner is no less important than entrepreneurial success: save yourself the curiosity is the most important calling of mankind, is sure the most influential visionary of Russia.

Sergey Galitsky, 51

Net worth: $3.4 billion

The Creator of the network of shops “Magnet” Sergey Galitsky made a fortune not on loans for shares, oil, metals and other commodities – he always went their own way. In 1995, the Krasnodar businessman founded the company “Tander”, which five years later grew the retailer “Magnit”. In 2011, with a network of 250 discounters “Magnit” became the leader of the Russian market by the number of points.

While other retailers went to conquer cities and invested in super – and hypermarkets, Galitsky, saving on everything, relied on the province and built shops in small towns and urban-type settlements. The path was so successful that in the same 2011 “Magnet” bypassed by market capitalization of its main competitor – X5 Retail Group. A year later, in an interview with Forbes Galitsky said, “I Think we’ll never be able to repeat such results”. And it was wrong. In 2013, his company has overtaken the X5 turnover and for four years held the championship. A market leader in the capitalization of “Magnet” stayed until 2018.

X5 gradually regained the championship on all counts, and the “Magnet” has entered a new period of its history – without a charismatic founder at the helm. In February 2018 Galitsky has sold the main part of its stake in Bank VTB. The money he transferred to a special Fund and, as he told Forbes familiar with the entrepreneur, the financier, is going to spend on social welfare projects. The main passion of a billionaire today – football club “Krasnodar”, for which Galitsky built the miracle stadium and school.

Pavel Durov, 34
Net worth: $2.7 billion

A graduate of the philological faculty of St. Petersburg state University Pavel Durov is often called “our mark Zuckerberg”. While still in high school, he began to engage in Internet projects, for example, has created a website durov.com answers to exams and University community spbgu.ru. Later, the friend of Paul, returned from the USA told him about the social network of Mark Zuckerberg. So at the end of 2006 in Russia there were “your Facebook” – a social network “Vkontakte”.

Roads service and its founder went through seven years. Durov sold his stake in “Vkontakte” Ivan Taurine, while the General Director of “MegaFon” and moved on to a new project – Telegram messenger. To start the service for chatting the owner up to, back when I worked in the social network, he dreamed of a secure method of communication in case of emergency circumstances. Segment of the messengers just rapidly growing in 2014, Facebook has swallowed the leader of the niches WhatsApp for record $19 billion.

Encryption technology of correspondence, which eventually developed Pavel’s brother Nikolai Durov, was the main feature of the Telegram, which was launched in 2013 and later and cause locking of the messenger in Russia. Durov refused to grant the FSB the keys to decrypt the messages. But this does not prevent the rising popularity of Telegram in Russia – at the same time, users learn to establish a VPN connection. In the world of instant messenger more than 200 million active users.

“Threats to block the Telegram, if we don’t give private user data to anything will not lead. Telegram protects freedom and privacy,” – said Durov about his own motivation in the struggle with the state. Users support: Telegram became a symbol of “digital resistance,” on the March a rally for Internet freedom in Moscow at the call of the founder of the messenger has left more than 15,000 people.

Andrey Andreev, 45 years
Net worth: $2.4 billion

In 2017, the British newspaper the Times called Russian billionaire Andrey Andreev, Creator of the Dating apps Badoo, “the world’s a pimp”. Badоо brings together more than 417 000 users in 190 countries. But Andreev started with the business on web Analytics and was one of the originators of the Dating in Russia. In 2004, he launched a Dating site “Mamba”. When in October 2005, the number of profiles in the database of the service exceeded 4.5 million, the Creator sold the site of the investment holding “Finam” for $20 million.

In the same year Andreev conceived a new project – Badoo. In 2006, Spain held the official launch of the project. The first time the businessman planned to compete with Facebook, but eventually abandoned the idea of a social network focused on Dating. In an interview with Forbes Andreev told me that, reflecting on how to improve the efficiency of meeting in virtual reality, he stopped shy of making new friends in real life.

Today, a billionaire living in London. In addition to Badoo he owns stakes in Dating apps Bumble, Chappy, Huggle and Lumen. The greatest prospects, with Bumble. After a sex scandal in Tinder Andreev contacted a former marketing Director of the main us competitor Whitney Wolfe heard and offered her cooperation. Together they created the “feminist” Dating app, where Andreev has invested $10 million in exchange for a 79% stake. In the fall of 2018, the billionaire has announced plans to launch an IPO under the brand name Bumble.

Andreev is famous for his love of large-scale parties. In the summer of 2018 it is planned to acquaint all Russian in London. In total the party cost him $185 000 (£140 000), of which nearly £30,000 spent on catering, the entrepreneur was personally chosen food and cook.

Oleg Tinkov, 51
Net worth: $2.2 billion

Introduction to the autobiography of Oleg Tinkov “I like everything” in 2010, wrote British billionaire Richard Branson. To come up with a more suitable reviewer was hard – so close to the starting point of the entrepreneurs in big business: Branson in the 1970s, launched the record label Virgin Records, and Tinkov in the mid-1990s, “Shock Records”. But if the company of a British man grew a business Empire, the idea of the Russians was more “soul”.

However, the similarities with Branson does not end there. As the founder of Virgin, Tinkoff throughout his career supported the controversial yet striking image. And while other leaders of the Forbes list was divided aluminum plants and oil rigs, “the boy from Siberia”, as Anna calls himself, has created an alternate image of Russian entrepreneur. And along the way learned to sell: the first item to the consumer, then the business big players. The scale of the projects Tinkov constantly growing.

The controversial erotic advertising, fictional biography of an ancestor, allegedly supplying beer to the Imperial court from the seventeenth century – all worked into the hands of the businessman. Brand dumplings “Daria” it sold for $21 million to Roman Abramovich, the brewing business for $260 million giant InBev. And 34% of the shares of his Bank “Tinkoff Credit Systems” (now Tinkoff Bank) – the first in Russia without divisions for $1.1 billion in its IPO in London.

The desire to become a banker Tinkoff was first announced on Necker island, owned by the same Branson. Russian billionaire on his island yet, but it carries another ambitious idea – to build the first private icebreaker, which could walk at the shores of the Arctic.

Valentin Gapontsev, 80 years
Net worth: $2 billion

In 2010, the International society for optics and Photonics SPIE Valentin Gapontseva included in the list of 28 world’s outstanding scientists in the field of laser physics and technology, composed on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the invention of the laser. Among physicist colleagues Gapontseva allocates one thing – a fortune of $3 billion, thanks to which he takes the 39th place in the ranking of 200 richest businessmen of Russia and 1281 th place in the global rating Forbes.

In the 1990s Gapontsev founded IPG Photonics Corporation, which manufactures fiber lasers high power and controls about 80% of the market. The success story began in the USSR, when a graduate of the Lviv Polytechnic Institute, leading researcher and head of laboratory of the Institute of radio engineering and electronics, USSR Academy of Sciences Valentin Gapontsev founded in the suburban town of Fryazino manufacture based on their own scientific ideas. Today transnational group includes IPG companies based in several countries.

Gapontsev longer lives in Russia and however became involved in the “Kremlin report” of the U.S. Treasury. The reputational damage he is contesting in the courts.

Arkady Volozh, 55 years
Net worth: $1.4 billion

24 may 2011 co-founder of the search engine “Yandex” Arkady Volozh left the NASDAQ building in Times Square in new York city a dollar billionaire. Placement of shares of the company which it Ilya Segalovich created almost 20 years, went on top of the price range. Investors have estimated “Yandex” in the $8 billion In its first day of trading, shares rose by 55%. Yandex and its owners raised $1.3 billion – at the time it was the second after the IPO Google result for Internet companies.

Today “Yandex” – the most expensive company on the Internet, it costs $10.7 billion In an interview with Forbes, Volozh told me that he turns the business into the ecosystem where you grow new services that are beginning to fuel the whole “organism” not only financially, but also technologically. As it turns out: “Yandex” are all around us – under the brand of work for search engine, taxi service, food delivery, marketplace and more. The company is also important as a media player – it has long been superior to the Russian TV channels in scope and have already started producing its own content.

Eugene Kaspersky, 53

Net worth: $1.3 billion

Eugene Kaspersky became interested in viruses since 1987, when not only the Internet but computers were in our country exotic. For three decades, he has become the world’s leading expert in his field: “Kaspersky Lab” competing for the global market of antiviruses with such giants as McAfee (now Intel) and Symantec. Kaspersky is a graduate of the Higher school of the KGB – a little like a textbook image of a computer genius from Silicon valley. However, it is one of the few successful Russian Internet entrepreneurs, who started with the direct development of commercial software products.

The lab was founded in 1997. The company’s products became popular in Russia, and then in the United States, Europe and Southeast Asia. In 2015, the company became a partner of Cyberpal – the Singapore branch of Interpol involved in investigating cybercrime. Personal as virus is estimated at 1.4 billion, and he owns 82,7% of the shares.

Kaspersky is one of those who is not just changing technological landscape around the world, but cares about the fact that Russia has not moved out of the innovation agenda. In 2017, the Laboratory has launched a “Mathematical hierarchy”: in the framework of the project in Moscow schools will open 300 classes, in which students in grades 7-9 will be in-depth study mathematics.

She Bakalchuk, 43
State: $1 billion

History of the second female billionaire from Russia, the founder of the country’s largest online store Wildberries began to exit in the decree. To engage in the same activity – tutoring at home – the young mother could not, so I decided to sell clothing via the German catalogues Otto, which in the “zero” was extremely popular. In 2004, there was a separate website selling clothes and shoes – Wildberries. “First capital was the work and support the family,” recalled Tatiana Bakalchuk. Although she is the owner of 100% of the company, the role of his wife Vladislava always stressed.

The first site cost Bakalchuk $700 plus weekly advertising on the Internet. The business grew rapidly, and in 2005 the company moved into a bigger office, hired programmers, operators, call center and courier.

Before the advent of Wildberries clothes in Runet almost sold KupiVip and Lamoda appeared much later. Stay ahead of the competition with foreign shareholders and budgets in millions of euros Bakalchuk helped free shipping, which applies to all orders and became an important advantage for buyers from regions. Today Wildberries can be called marketplace, with its own warehouse and logistics. In online store you can buy clothes, shoes, electronics, furniture, books, sports and baby products. Revenue in 2018 amounted to $1.7 billion In March, in a network there was indirect evidence of the readiness of Reasons to go to the first foreign market in Poland.

Sergei Petrov, 64 years
State: $1 billion

The founder of “Rolf”, the country’s largest automotive dealer group in 1982 with the rank of major was dismissed from the Soviet Army for anti-Soviet activities. Even then he was sure that the Soviet Union would collapse, along with a planned economy, just couldn’t predict when it will happen. Stroy finally collapsed in ten years, and in Russia began to build capitalism. Sergei Petrov by this time received the second higher education on speciality “labor Economics” and received the first “marketable” skills in the car rental division JV “Rosek”.

In 1991 he began to build his own business selling cars, proving that making capital of the country, we can honestly, openly and independently. “Rolf” was the first to introduce Western technology sales, quickly became a market leader and holds that position still. In 2007, Petrov became the Deputy of the state Duma with a dream to revive the country’s political competition. But in 2016, resigned from Parliament, resigned to the fact that an independent contractor cannot achieve success within the vertical of power.

Petrov once again, as in the late Soviet years, watches as degrades system of governance, and she predicts the same fate as the Union. Most entrepreneur can only observe this process with the parties and grow your business. The revenue of “Rolf” in 2018 has reached 245 billion.

Anatoly Karachinsky, 59 years
Net worth: $900 million

President of IBS Group Anatoly Karachinsky became interested in computers in high school together with the teacher he wrote the book “Personal computers”, which became in the 1980s, at the dawn of the computer era in the Soviet Union, quite popular. A logical continuation was the entrepreneurial career: karachinskiy became Director of the Austrian company, Prosystem, supplied to Russia personal computers.

Pretty standard start for many technological startups that time. However, large businesses were able to create only those who went outside the circle of “buy-sell”. Karachinsky engaged in system integration – the configuration of various programs and hardware. For IBS became the focus of the banking financial system. In particular, the first ATMs in Russia was provided by the company Appoint. The business grew well and could be friends with government: in 2015, the company’s assets were transferred to Russian jurisdiction after the speech of Vladimir Putin in which the President urged the business to end with offshore.

However, targeting only the domestic market would not be able to bring Karachinsky fortune at $900 million back in 2000 the head of IBS thinking about diversification and started programming on order for Western companies (the first customer was Boeing). Later, this business was spun off into a separate company Luxoft, which at the beginning of 2019 have been sold DXC Technology for $2 billion.

Mark Kurtser, 61
Net worth: $550 million

Before you turn into a well-known entrepreneur, mark Kurtser became a famous doctor. At the age of 37, he was already head of the largest in the capital of the hospital, and in 46 years – the chief specialist on obstetrics and gynecology of Moscow.

In 2001, close to the centre of family planning, which worked Kurtz, on borrowed money, the doctor began to build its first Perinatal center. In 2006, the center was put into operation. The business was so successful that after the launch problems with the payment of debts did not arise. Another source of revenue was put on stream in vitro fertilization (IVF).

In 2010 Kurtser pay off loans, and a year later began to develop a network of clinics. A year later, his company “Mother and child”, consisting of a dozen clinics and two hospitals, held an IPO in London. Investors have estimated it at $900 million and bought about one-third of the shares. And Kurtser carried out operations even during the road show.

Before him the examples of withdrawal of Russian medical companies to the market. Now the high-tech network of five hospitals and 35 clinics in 25 cities. In early March, 2019 the company’s capitalization on the London stock exchange was $361 million

Nicholas storonskiy, 34
Net worth: $500 million

Co-founder and CEO of payment service Revolut, a former trader Nicholas storonskiy I am sure that modern bankers live in the XIX century and do not understand how to build a technology company. He believes that automation is the future of Finance. Storonskiy together with the team came up with a mobile app integrated with multi-currency debit card in 2014. Revolut allows you to convert funds from one currency to another on interbank exchange rate, exchange cryptocurrencies and make free remittances to anywhere in the world.

In 2006, a graduate of MIPT and NES Starovskogo invited for an internship at the infamous Bank Lehman Brothers in London, where he worked as a trader until the collapse of the financial giant in 2008. It was further London branch Nomura and, finally, Bank Credit Suisse, which storonskiy was delayed for five years. In January 2014 he quit his job to focus on the development of Revolut. Now used by 4 million people worldwide, and the valuation of the company is $1.7 billion.

In an interview with Forbes storonskiy admitted that he repeatedly offered to sell Revolut, but he never considered this scenario seriously. “Sell not interested. The company has a very big potential,” explains the entrepreneur. According to him, if you require the business, he can live anywhere in the world.

Natalia Fileva, 56 years
Net worth: $500 million

Natalia Fileva and her husband Vladislav has engaged in aviation business in the 1990s when he bought a stake in Novosibirsk airline “Siberia”. The carrier, now known as S7 Airlines, has long gone beyond the Novosibirsk region and is the second after “Aeroflot” the airline of the country with an extensive route network. In 2018, S7 Airlines carried 11.6 million people.

Quite often, the airline became a pioneer of new technologies in the industry. It S7 first in Russia in 2005 began selling tickets online. In 2016, the company, together with Alfa-Bank also successfully conducted the country’s first transaction using blockchain technology.

Business Filewich already gone beyond one airline. They have another carrier is “globe”, as well as the retail network for the sale of air and rail tickets, travel packages, aviation training center, and engineering holding company for aircraft maintenance.

Recently the band came up with a new perspective direction of business space. Filevi acquired floating cosmodrome Sea launch in the Pacific ocean. In 2019 S7 Group has turned in S7 Airspace Corporation.

David Yang, 50 years

Net worth: $500 million

According to legend, the first business concept came to David to Jan on a boring lesson on the French language: he realized that it would be easier instead of bulky paper dictionary to use electronic. In 1990, a student of the Institute made a final choice between physics and business: together with his colleague began work on an electronic dictionary Lingvo, taking a loan of 3000 rubles at the Centre of scientific and technical creativity of youth. And then there was a system of text recognition ABBYY FineReader – product, surpassed their foreign counterparts and won worldwide popularity.

Today, ABBYY is a worldwide leader in solutions in the field of intelligent information processing and linguistics with offices in 11 countries, products which are more than 50 million users.

Personal fortune David Yang is estimated at $0.5 billion, the Entrepreneur recognizes that the business chose physics in order to earn money. But the money, he said, need to change the world. Yana initiatives in this area are varied and sometimes bizarre, from the educational project and experimental Ayb school in his native Yerevan to chain restaurants and books on healthy eating, written personally. Meanwhile, the ABBYY products, Plazius and established entrepreneur companies are changing the world of information technology and the image of the Russian business.

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