The world population has increased from 5.7 billion in 1994 to 7.2 billion in the beginning of 2014, noted in the report of the UN Secretary General ban Ki-moon, presented at the 47th session of the UN Commission on population and development.
UN: world population reached 7.2 billion people
According to the Commission, in the next ten years the population of Africa will increase significantly. By 2050, the growth rate of Africa’s population more than six times higher than the rate of population growth in Latin America and the Caribbean and more than 15 times the rate of population growth in Asia.
However, in more than 40 countries, the population in 2014 – 2050 will be reduced. The most significant population decline will occur in Germany, China, Poland, Russia, Romania, Serbia, Thailand, Japan and Ukraine, as well as in Eastern, Southeast and West Asia.
By 2025 the world population will reach 8.1 billion people and by 2050, 9.6 billion people.
1994 – 2014 the number of people over 60 years has doubled. Elderly people in the world than children under the age of five years. By 2050 the proportion of older persons in the total population will reach 21%. In the next 35 years the proportion of young people in the overall composition of the world population will remain almost unchanged.
More than half of the population lives in urban areas is 3.9 billion people and the number of townspeople continues to grow.
Demographic changes have an impact on the economy, ecology and politics. Population ageing and urbanization promise new challenges and opportunities, says the UN Commission.
“The demographic makeup of the modern world differs so much diversity of mankind has never known in its history. There are countries in which there is a high birth rate, and, consequently, they are characterized by the age structure with large proportion of young people and high population growth. There are also countries where fertility has already fallen below replacement level, resulting in a rapidly aging population,” concluded ban Ki-moon.
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The culture Ministry is preparing amendments to the law on advertising, in particular, proposes to allow interrupt cartoons on advertising, according to the unified portal of information disclosure on the preparation of legal acts.
Good for kids: cartoons in grant is
According to the Ministry of culture, Russian television is not interested in production of Russian animators, because such production is expensive and doesn’t pay advertising, as advertising in children’s programs is prohibited.
“Television companies when making decisions about the purchase of content take into account first of all, commercial viability. The number of infant products displayed channels will not be increased as long as the purchase of this product will not be profitable for TV channels”, – noted in the study of the project.
The Ministry of culture proposes to make amendments to article 14 of the Federal law “On advertising” “of the introduction of differentiated ability to interrupt the broadcast of national animated films advertising”. Public discussion of the project will last until April 22.
Earlier, a proposal to allow advertising in children’s TV programs were made by members of the state Duma Committee on culture Stanislav Govorukhin, Maria Kozhevnikova (United Russia) and Elena Drapeko (“Fair Russia”). The head of the Federation Council Valentina Matvienko said in January that the proposal to remove the ban on advertising in children’s programs can be maintained, but only if the money earned from advertising will go to development of children broadcast.
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The companies included in the S&P 500 index in 2014 may return to its shareholders about $1 trillion through the payment of dividends or the procedure of share repurchases.
For the last quarter of the amount spent on the share buyback, may have reached its historical record
This is stated in the study by Goldman Sachs. The index rose sharply compared to last year, when investors received only $800 million.
“On procedure of redemption of the company included in the S&p 500 index spent $476 billion In 2014, we expect the company will spend 23% more – $587 billion the Amount of dividends paid in 2013 amounted to $312 billion, in 2014 we expect growth of 20% to $375 billion,” – said in his note, Stewart Kaiser, a strategist from Goldman Sachs.
Technology companies spend on share buybacks and dividends are much higher than companies from other sectors. Goldman Sachs experts attribute this to the extremely high revenues recorded by the sector in recent years.
For the last quarter of the amount spent on the share buyback, may have reached its historical record, at least this is the assessment Hard Silverblatt, the main analyst of S&P Dow Jones Indices. Exact figures will be published this week.
However, the amounts that are directed to the back, probably for a long time at such a high level will not last. Investors will choose companies that in addition to increasing profits and increase sales. But for companies that increase profits through buybacks, investors will likely turn back.
“People are starting to get smarter: McDonalds and IBM for several years conducted buybacks, but the stock has stagnated. People want to see real earnings, real sales,” said Paul Nolte, portfolio Manager of Kingsview Asset management.
Meanwhile, companies continue to attract $200 billion in the quarter and do it starting in 2012