16.05.2021

Germany at a crossroads: to be at the head or part of the EU?

For Kohl’s the history of Germany and Central location in Europe meant that the country should never pursue national greatness as an end in itself. In his opinion, the country having the largest number of neighbors than any other on the continent, should not impose their opinion. Rather, it should support the idea of a Europe in which all countries, large and small, feel equally safe.

However, according to the former Prime Minister of Sweden Carl Bildt in his article on Project Syndicate, since the beginning of the refugee crisis in the autumn of 2015 a vision of Europe MCPFE have been criticized. While Chancellor Angela Merkel continued to insist on a joint policy in the field of migration and refugees within the European Union, the growing chorus of voices in Germany in favour of unilateral actions that will likely not will depend on other countries-EU members.

Former Prime Minister of Sweden Carl Bildt

“At first glance today’s protracted debate in Germany is to deny asylum seekers that have already been registered in other EU countries, something that was repeatedly made by the Federal interior Minister, Horst Seehofer of the Christian social Union (CSU). But on a deeper level for Germany, the question is, should she go alone or to continue to seek common European solutions.

In this new age of identity politics the debate about immigration became a battle of the German spirit. In September of last year, “Alternative for Germany” (ADH) became the first far-right party entered the German Bundestag after the 1960s, Then, after the formation of the present broad coalition government, ADH became the main opposition party. And now in the eve of regional elections in Bavaria in October of this year, it pushes the CSU then to the right.

These events in Germany are supported by the trends in Europe, where nationalist and populist parties have achieved electoral success by abandoning the decisions at EU level and calling for the closure of borders. In Italy the party of the “League” nationalists, it seems, sets the tone for the solutions in his new governing coalition with populist “Movement five stars”. In Austria the far-right “freedom Party” as a member of the ruling coalition is having an impact on migration policy.

If any of you listen to the rhetoric of these parties may think that refugees and migrants arrive in Europe without hindrance. But, despite the fact that the Balkans became the backbone for the asylum-seekers who have fled from Syria to Germany and Sweden in 2015 and 2016, this route was actually closed when Turkey agreed to accept refugees in exchange for financial assistance from the EU. Although the situation of refugees in the Central Mediterranean, continues to make headlines, the number of immigrants from North Africa over the past year, fell sharply.

However, for European immigration remains an acute problem because of the shock of the initial refugee crisis, which is still reflected in the minds of voters. Politics is based on perception, not on the bare figures. A populist and nationalist party was able to portray the picture of a besieged Europe.

In the current political environment, if Germany return of refugees to Austria, and Austria would almost certainly send them back to Italy. But it will return the EU to the situation in which it was before, when asylum seekers were not registered on arrival in Italy and when it was even harder to get them back on other boundaries. Inevitably the situation will result in an explosive mess when member States of the EU are set against each other with the populists at the head table.

For comparison, Germany’s Kohl would consider European dimension of its policy and shaped it accordingly. She would not have shifted their national problems on their smaller neighbors, as would be recognized that the security of its neighbors is a synonym for her own safety.

The attacks of the forces of the nationalists in the vision nick could have consequences reaching far beyond the debate on immigration. At stake is not only Germany’s role in Europe, but also the future of European integration. Germany, which refuses to legacy nick, suddenly became a source of profound uncertainty, not a Bastion of stability in Central Europe. Given that the West is under attack from party leaders like the President of Russia Vladimir Putin and the President of the United States Donald trump is the last thing Europe needs.

Of course, the current crisis is likely to be resolved through a series of imperfect compromises – both at EU level and within the ruling coalition in Germany. In the end, it is therefore often the EU works, as in the case of the sovereign debt crisis of Greece.

It’s unlikely that this problem will end. German uncertainty in the heritage Kohl’s – this trend, which is more than any other issue. But how will debate on refugee issues in the coming weeks will say a lot about the future direction of Germany and on the future of Europe as a whole.”

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