Worldwide in 2017, there were a total of 68,5 million refugees, half of them children, said the Office of the UN high Commissioner for refugees.According to the UN, global numbers of refugees for the fifth time in a row has risen to record levels. In 2017, around the world there were 68,5 million refugees, about half of them minors, said Tuesday, June 19, the Office of the UN high Commissioner for refugees.
Thus, the number of refugees worldwide increased by 3.1 million. The majority of refugees, 40 million were internally displaced, meaning they remained in their countries.
Most of the refugees are citizens of Syria, Afghanistan, South Sudan, Myanmar and Somalia. 85 percent of all refugees in the world live in low or middle income per capita, particularly in Lebanon, Pakistan and Uganda, discussed later in the message.
USA regained the lead in the number of asylum-seekers
During the year the number of asylum-seekers in Germany has decreased by 73 percent. The US has once again become the most attractive target for refugees and other migrants.In 2017, 37 industrialized countries in the Organization for economic cooperation and development (OECD), has adopted into its territory fewer refugees than in previous years. Compared with the year 2016 the number of new arrivals of asylum seekers decreased by 5 percent. This is stated in the International migration review in 2018, submitted to the OECD on Wednesday, June 20, in Berlin and Paris.
Official recognition as refugees received 1,23 million. Here we are talking primarily about immigrants from Afghanistan, Syria and Iraq. 40 per cent of recognized refugees – relatives of migrants to the countries of the OECD’s programme for family reunification.
First place in the number of applications for asylum has regained United States (330 000 people). In Germany, became the leader on this indicator in 2015, the number of asylum seekers decreased by 73 percent to $ 198,000.
The influx would increase unemployment
Despite the decline in the number of new refugees, their influx can have in the coming years, the negative impact on the labour market in countries such as Sweden, Germany and Austria, said in the presented review. For example, in Germany the unemployment rate in 2020 could rise to 6 percent (in 2018, the figure is 5.5 percent). In the event of an influx of migrant workers from Eastern European countries, the unemployment rate may be much higher.
In the labour market, refugees and other migrants compete primarily to young locals with low levels of education. The recommendations of the OECD said in this regard about the need not only to implement effective integration policy, but also enhance support for local groups, who faces unemployment due to the influx of migrants.
With the beginning of the year in the world were killed 66 journalists – human rights defenders
In 22 countries in the first six months of 2018 killed 66 journalists. These data are presented in published Tuesday, July 3, the report of the NGO Press Emblem Campaign, called on the international community to take effective measures to ensure the safety of media workers in conflict zones.
It is noted that this is almost a third more than in the same period last year, when it was recorded the death of 50 people.
More than half of the total number of deaths in January-June fell on Afghanistan (11 dead), Mexico (8), Syria (7), United States (6) Yemen (5).
The organization is deeply concerned in connection with the murder over the past six months, four journalists in India, including one in Kashmir.
Three journalists were killed in Brazil, many in Ecuador, and the Philippines. Two in the Gaza strip, Guatemala, and Pakistan, one in Bangladesh, Colombia, Haiti, Indonesia, Iraq, Liberia, Nicaragua, Russia, El Salvador and Slovakia.