The three-day forum on security issues in Eastern Europe ended on Friday, may 25 in Minsk. Experts from different countries debated on how to restore mutual confidence and reduce tensions.The conference “Eastern Europe: in search of security for all”, held from 23 to 25 may in Minsk, did not and had to give ready-made solutions for solving acute regional conflict in the Donbass. The goal was to find a common denominator between the new centers of power in terms of the erosion of the international security system built after world war II. “In these three days who just swore the Helsinki accords!”, – said the expert of the Russian international Affairs Council Sergey Markedonov in summing up the forum.
The initiative “Helsinki-2” is considered unrealistic
The participants of the conference on the initiative of the Belarusian President, known under the conditional name “Helsinki-2”, were divided, but the majority considers it to be unrealistic.
“Now there is a dramatic situation, where the old intertwines with the new… We are looking for recipes of the future in the past, so there are “Helsinki-2”, “Minsk-3″” – explains the head of the Ukrainian center of applied political studies “Penta” Volodymyr Fesenko. In his opinion, it is hardly possible to establish an interstate site “Helsinki-2”, but may have the success of non-governmental experts of this kind.
The expert-based Jamestown Foundation Vladimir Socor warned the Belarusian side from the attempted implementation of ideas on the reform of the OSCE with the aim of giving the organization guarantee mechanism of security. “We can’t repeat Helsinki,” said the American expert. According to him, this will counteract the large state, so this goal is not achievable and counterproductive.
He said the Russian expert, the expert, who suggested that the Minsk forum was engaged in an unrealistic project – then it will be wider the horizon of the discussion.
Belarus – on the mental map of the world
But the opinion of Vladimir sokora that the purpose of the “Minsk dialogue” should be the application of Belarus on the mental map of decision-makers on a global scale, apparently, has received the full support of the participants.
Former UK representative to NATO sir Adam Thompson, referring to the organizers of the conference, said: “it Was necessary to put Belarus on the map of the world. Congratulations, you did it!”
Need a structured dialogue between Russia and the West
Samuel Charap from the American Corporation “Rand” drew attention to the fact that Russia and the West accuse each other of aggression, and consider myself to be in a defensive position that prevents dialogue. The expert noted that when there is mistrust, we need to conduct continuous negotiations.
In turn, the head of the regional office for cooperation and peace in Europe of the Friedrich Ebert Foundation (FES) Dr. Reinhard Krumm (Krumm Reinhard) recalled the initiative of 2016 the German presidency in the OSCE – a structured dialogue in the framework of the OSCE weekly meetings of representatives of the EU, Russia, USA. “It is very difficult to lie to each other, if you see him often,” said Reinhard Krumm.
Smaller countries complain about the selfishness of large
In an interview with DW Laurynas jonavicius of the Institute of international relations and political science of Vilnius University expressed the view that the forum of dialogue between Russia and the West has not yet happened – the parties had just said to each other: “you are wrong”. However, the Lithuanian expert believes such attempts of dialogue is helpful, especially for the Belarusian side, which thus aims at ensuring its national security.
However, Laurynas of Janavicius sceptical in this regard, the possibility of smaller countries. According to him, is particularly revealing, “when you hear these initiatives include large countries, especially when they are not talking to small countries, and between them”.
The head of the permanent Commission for international Affairs of the house of representatives, former Deputy foreign Minister of Belarus Valery Voronetsky in an interview with DW expressed the opinion that “for small countries, especially, it is important to create an effective international law, the UN, OSCE to ensure observance of international law”.
The MP lamented on national self-interest of large States, which are primarily thinking about their own interests, which led to the imbalance of the mechanisms of the post-war world order. “International law is often violated, the UN and the OSCE sometimes not cope with the challenges facing them. So we all now need to sit down and go back to basics,” said Valery Voronetsky.
The forum “Eastern Europe: in search of security for all” was attended by 350 experts and officials from more than 40 countries. According to the head of non-peer initiatives “Minsk dialogue,” Eugene Progerman, decided to make this forum an annual event.