This week the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin has assigned the Russian army the names of Ukrainian cities. Why the Russian President did it, and what was the reaction of Ukraine.
New scandalous Putin’s decrees was published on 2 July on the official portal of legal information of the Russian Federation.
The document notes that the new names assigned to various parts of the Russian army “in order to preserve the glorious historic military traditions, education of servicemen in the spirit of devotion to the Fatherland and fidelity to military duty”.
So, the 6-th tank regiment of the Russian army now bears the honorary title “guards of Lviv”, the 68th tank regiment – “guards Zhitomir-Berlin”, 163-Panzer regiment – “guards Nezhin”.
Simultaneously, a number of units of the Russian army was given the honorary name, including the names of the cities of Belarus – Vitebsk (90th guards tank Vitebsk-Novgorod division), Kobrin (856 guards self-propelled artillery regiment Kobrin), Slonim (102nd infantry Slonimska Pomeranian regiment) and the name of the capital of Poland (381-th guards artillery regiment Warsaw).
In addition, the 400th self-propelled artillery regiment received the honorary title “Transylvania”, 144 motor rifle division became guards “Elninskaya”, 150 motorized rifle division – “Ericka-Berlin”, and 933-th anti-aircraft missile regiment – “Sochi”. These names Russians hooked not only Ukraine, but also Belarus, Romania, Germany and Poland.
Independent analyst Valery Snegirev drew attention to the fact that these regiments were disbanded.
For example, 68 guards tank regiment (full name “Zhitomir-Berlin red banner orders of Suvorov, Kutuzov, Bogdan Khmelnitsky and Alexander Nevsky regiment”) was formed in 1942 and existed until 2005, then became the base for storage. “That they handed over their tanks to the warehouses, dismissed the staff, the banners have been deposited in the Central Museum of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, – says the expert. And now he didn’t just recreate. This means that on the basis of this storage, they restored these tanks, manned by crews and the banner, as they say, returned to the combat part… Guards is the most distinguished part, they even have a salary anymore.”
Journalist, volunteer, editor of “the Censor.NO” Yury Butusov notes that 163-Panzer regiment (now “Nezhin”) and the 68th tank regiment (“Zhytomyr-Berlin”) are состав150-th infantry division, which received the name of “Ericka-Berlin”.
“The title is the same 150-th division, which had hoisted the victory banner over the Reichstag in 1945. With the scandal and grandiose lies, as we remember, – Butusov writes. – 150-division was formed in the year 2017 specifically for the war in Ukraine. It is located in the area of Novocherkassk, a couple of hours away from the border with Ukraine, and part of the new 8-th army of the southern military district, comprising also the 1st and 2nd of the occupying army corps of the armed forces in the Donbas. 150 division is the operational reserve for the occupation forces, she regularly puts their units in Ukraine.”
According to Butusova, the 150th divisions one motorized rifle regiment was reduced, and one tank regiment attached to two mechanized infantry and two tank regiments.
“The steppe plains in the Donbass favors the use of tank formations, – said the journalist. – With 150 division equipped with the latest Russian tanks T-72B3, including a special “Ukrainian” modification of 2015. Suffering heavy losses in tanks during the war in Ukraine from the actions of Ukrainian infantry, the Russian command in the new modification increased protection against handheld anti-tank weapons, especially the type RPG-7 (29 August 2014 volunteer battalion NSU “Donbass” Evgeny Telnov was hit and destroyed during the breakout from Ilovaisk two T-72B3). T-72B3 have serious advantages over Ukrainian tanks due to digital fire control system, thermal imaging tank sights, and the most powerful engine in 1130 HP 150 th division has more than 200 tanks.
All Putin’s actions aimed at building a new Russian Empire – if not in the borders of the former Soviet Union, at least in parts thereof through the created in the occupied territories of quasiorthogonal such as South Ossetia, Abkhazia, Transnistria, “DNR” and “LNR”. It’s an angle many experts consider it the laws of the “Ukrainianization” of the Russian army.
“Putin has repeatedly referred to itself, in his opinion, the great tragedy of the XX century – the collapse of the USSR, – the analyst Alexander Radchuk. And indeed, the current Russian power elite is not coming with the aims of the course and methodically adheres to its own strategy – to be a counterweight to the West. Another thing, will there be enough resources will it be possible to maintain the solidity of the Russian society to recreate the myth of the “strong state” and the government, which is able to restore order not only at home but also in the world. A number of geopolitical events that have occurred in recent times outlined a very dangerous trend: whatever Russia is doing, world leaders are not able to effectively oppose her methods of achieving the objectives. And sometimes themselves become its victims, or even allies.”
Russia is not only appropriates the foreign territory, it also “privatize” the common victory, other people’s history and culture.
“Despite a long history, about Ukraine it is accepted to speak in the framework of Russian history. Nikolai Gogol, Vladimir the Great, Kievan Rus, Anna of Kiev – all this heritage of Ukraine, which for a long time by tricking positioned as a treasure of Russia”, – said Les Kurucz-weaver, is a researcher of the Center for political and strategic analysis of STRATPOL in Bratislava. – Prince Vladimir the Great according to Russian propaganda, was a “Russian Prince”, which “laid the Foundation for the unity of the Russian people and actually paved the way for the construction of a strong, centralized Russian state”. In early 2015, in Moscow, was even installed a 25-meter monument to Vladimir the Great. The fact that the Prince of Kiev to Moscow is irrelevant, it does not matter. Much more important is the greatness and the pathos of the legend about the historical legacy.”
My favorite “feature” of the Kremlin – the myths about the great Patriotic war.
“Appropriating the honorary Ukrainian names a number of units of the Russian army, Putin is updating the history of the great Patriotic war. The great Patriotic war. Russian Federation updates and rewrites the history of this war for themselves. They lost quite a large Arsenal in terms of ideology. Lost, for example, samaro-Ulyanovsk military division, which once stood in Lviv, lost 25-th Chapayev and the number of units that were honorary titles given to them earlier, – said the military expert Oleg Zhdanov. – These names Russians hooked not only Romania but also Germany and Poland. Thus, they define the role and place of Russian Federation, a country that did not exist during the Second world war. So they release the Great Patriotic war and glorify it so that the war becomes the main. Whereas the Second world is just an episode of the great Patriotic war”.
According to Zhdanov, the next step will be to contact the Ministry of culture and tourism of the Russian Federation to these countries about the installation of memorials. “The fact that these regiments took part in the fighting. Then they come to lay flowers, will do the installation, will be asked to erect a monument… That is, it is a whole ideological program to promote Russia, the exaltation of its role and place in history – said the military expert. – The Russians no tomorrow, they live in the past. Because today they have a crisis, a constant struggle between the refrigerator and the TV, the fuelling of armed conflicts in different countries: Syria, Ukraine, Nagorny Karabakh, Ossetia and Abkhazia, Transnistria. So they have this idea that we’re heroes, we get up off his knees, we are a great country. But the greatness they seek is in the past because the present and the future of this grandeur”.
Ukrainian blogger, historian, and public figure Yury gudymenko also believes that the continued propaganda of the Russian Federation according to the Russian units and soldiers are credited with “all weight loss” as along with all victory in the Second world war.
“As Putin said, and we remember this “wonderful” quote: “the Soviet Union would have won without the Ukrainians.” Continues the story of how all the peoples of the Soviet Union crossed out of Russian among the winners in the first place – the Ukrainians. That’s what motivated this decision, he explains. – The name of the military units formed on the territory of the Russian Federation, by the names of cities in other countries is the emphasis on the fact that the alleged Russian liberated the whole of Europe. There are Ukrainian, Belarusian and Polish (Warsaw regiment) of the city. This means that Russia will take the Soviet victory in the Second world alone.”
In addition, according to the historian, Russia uses the chance to remind that all the countries that one way or another around it (the former Soviet bloc and the USSR) are the Russian zone of influence. “The Russians know perfectly well how to treat in the same Poland, Ukraine or Belarus to this kind of renaming. Definitely it is a hint that Russia once again demonstrates its claim to these cities, believes Gudymenko. – This once again reminds of the fact that we know: Russia is the aggressor. Russia wants to have in its composition the whole of Ukraine, all of Belarus. Russia reminds Poland and other countries near it that all of them, according to the Russians, should become a part of”.
Independent analyst Valery Snegirev emphasizes that the 90th guards tank division (Vitebsk-Novgorod) was specially created in the USSR for the invasion of Hungary in 1957. She in 1968 was a shock division when he went into Czechoslovakia. Steps to restore military units from the state depots, of course, are “building muscles”, he said. “No matter what they are called, and it is important that they pulled the banner out of mothballs, they were odlucili for moth eaten. And these banners added parts, fully cropped, i.e. equipped with equipment and personnel,” – said Snegirev.
MP Ihor Lutsenko (“Fatherland”) refers to the inevitable Russian attack, stressing that the Kremlin consistently cook. “In Russia every year the government allocates billions of dollars – like the MP. Is programmed in the military doctrine Moscow, its laws, the budget, the so-called corporate culture of the army… the Pace of development of the Ukrainian army to defend while lagging behind the pace of preparation of the Russian army to invade. Basic tactical requirement for the next President should be a quick preparation of the whole country (not only the APU) to counter the plan of occupation of Ukraine”.
Real believes a full-scale attack of the Russian Federation to Ukraine and analyst Kirill Sazonov. “Lviv, Zhytomyr and Nizhyn tank regiments so named not for the sake of historical memory,’ he says. And not for the sake of trolling. Military units receive (and received) these geographical titles in the place of permanent deployment in the future. Or for outstanding achievements in the “liberation” of those cities. In advance. Madness? Of course. But in that bald head all Menno and work – rate, his actions in recent years… They really are going in the future to have your tank units in Lviv, Nizhyn and Lutsk. And you thought only the Crimea and the Donbass there in the cards for staff?”.
The Kremlin gave another a slap in the face not so much Ukraine, as Western States. So political analyst Mykhailo Basarab commented on the scandalous Putin’s decree, according to which some military units of the Russian Federation has assigned the names of cities of other States. Such brazen steps are no different from the threats of North Korean dictator Kim Jong-UN to destroy the United States, he said.
“Small steps Russia is trying to expand the boundaries of what is permitted. Wants to increase the Arsenal of permitted methods, means violation of international law. Check the reaction of Ukraine and the world. How strong it will be. By this time, the world sluggish response to the tyranny of the Russian Federation. The Kremlin is increasing the scale of its arrogance,” explains Basarab.
Journalist Viktor Leshik in light of the assignment of parts of the Russian Federation the names of cities, not related to Russia, stresses that the expansion of the Kremlin is not only territorial. “It’s a battle for the interpretation of near and far history. The Crimea is cut off or moved into Russia in a referendum? USSR – Russia from 1922 to 1991, or a Union of national States, together defeated Nazism? In June 1941, world war II began, or one of the conspirators assaulted another, violating an agreement on the division of Europe? We have to give a clear answer – sure Leshik. Since this is for that that the Russian Duma officially renamed to little Russia”.
Ex-Deputy head of the security Service of Ukraine Alexander Skipalsky said that the best answer to a new propaganda attack on the part of the aggressor will be aware, the essence of which – far away from Moscow. “For this, in particular, need to magnify its real heroes, to keep the course in NATO and the EU, as well as to deal with the plundering of the country. And in Russia, even rage – we do not care,” – said Skipalsky.
Political analyst Mykhailo Basarab official urges Kiev to condemn a provocative move by Putin. “It is also necessary to appeal to the international community. Point him to the enemy the essence of such activities is not only to Ukraine but to the whole of Europe, he said. – It should be a cause for strengthening sanctions pressure and continue the policy of international isolation of the Kremlin regime”.
But military expert Oleg Zhdanov calls not to disperse panic. “The political reason for a large-scale military action by Russia today is completely absent,’ he says. – Motivation of the Russian Federation to begin large-scale war on the European continent is completely absent. The threat of sanctions and confrontation of the West in case of war would be enormous and catastrophic for Russia. Putin understands this, so looking for other ways and means of building dialogue with the West and the States. The war cannot be considered. They have enough of the war, which is in the East of Ukraine, this permanent and undeclared. Due to this, they are consolidating their society, showing that we continue to fight with the Kiev junta, and Bandera. It is quite enough, but hard to have this war”.
Advisor to the Deputy head of the presidential administration of Ukraine Vasily Pavlov also encourages them not to fall either in the extreme or hysterical. “Ukraine needs to continue the assignment of honorary titles of military units, relying on its own military-historical tradition and experience of this war, – says Pavlov. – This process needs to be accelerated and accompanied by a powerful propaganda campaign among both the military and in society.”
The chief of the General staff of the Armed forces of Ukraine Viktor Muzhenko also not silent on the assignment of certain parts of Rosario names of Ukrainian cities.
“The Ukrainian army has its own military-historical traditions, and Russia’s actions in any way at us is not affected – said Muzhenko. – Their decisions the Russians continue their long tradition is to steal someone else’s story and glory. This is marking territory and scoring of claims on the lands of other Nations, to which Russia is irrelevant”.
The chief of staff stated that these actions clearly indicate that Russia is not going to stop the annexation of the Crimea and the occupation of part of Donbass, wanting to get all of the current territory of Ukraine.
Muzhenko also said that against the background of this name signed the order on de-communization APU and added that the Russian army is, in fact, has no tradition, because the tradition of the modern Russian army is a “mix of Imperial and Soviet myth”.
Blogger Roman Kulik is sure that this statement from the General staff is not exactly prepared as a response to the statement by Putin names/h But is perceived in the mainstream counter-productive actions of the Russian Federation and system of Stripping from the Soviet army markers.
“Almost 3 years it took to realize the need for the development of the system document for the organization of work in the field of ideological work in the army. But now there is a clear training manual, which dealt with such issues in the functioning of the APU,” says Kulik. He also leads some points of order Muzhenko:
– dismantling (with explanation – why it is done) monuments, memorial sites, the means of visual agitation, etc., containing the symbols of the Communist regime involved in the persons establishing in Ukraine the Soviet government pursued a policy of destruction of the Ukrainian language, repression;
– fill the museums and libraries closed to the recovery Program and implementation of the national military traditions of the APU;
– the honorary titles, the dismantling of objects, events – all should be accompanied by explanatory work among the personnel;
– not allowed the celebration of the dates related to the red army and the Soviet army.
– not allowed to participate in military events, during which the use of symbols of totalitarian regimes.
Not all such changes are relished. The MP, a former applocale, one of the leaders of the party “For life!” Eugene Moore, who actually openly working for the Kremlin, says: “As a graduate of the Leningrad VOKA and the Soviet battalion commander Viktor Muzhenko it would be nice to understand what the tradition is still his, not his, who gets released and where did they led the army. Until that time, not to expose themselves to ridicule.”