14.05.2021

Whether Merkel and Orban agree on the refugees?

Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban, known for its anti-immigration policy, will meet with German Chancellor Angela Merkel. Will she be able to persuade recalcitrant colleague to compromise on the question of the readmission of refugees?Thursday, July 5, German Chancellor Angela Merkel (Angela Merkel) will discuss in Berlin with Prime Minister of Hungary Viktor Orban, the European migration policy. Speech first of all goes about the creation of transit centres on the border of Austria and Germany, of which migrants already registered in other EU countries will be sent back to those EU member States where they have passed the registration procedure.

Bordering with Austria, Hungary is one of the EU countries, through which passes the well-known “Balkan route”, which in 2014-2015 came to Europe with the largest number of migrants. However, Austria and Hungary have so far refused to sign with Germany the administrative agreement on readmission (return appointment) refugees.

Anti-migrant policies of the Orban

Love Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban to loud statements appear to be as strong as his dislike of the refugees. An example of this is his pathetic speech delivered in the fall of 2015. Then Orban said that “every European politician who gives migrants the hope of a better life and encourages them to drop everything and go to Europe, bezotvetstvennoe”. And called on Europeans “to get back on the path of prudence”, otherwise they “lose the battle, which has a crucial importance”.

55-year-old Hungarian head of government said at the time when the migration crisis in Europe reached its peak. He was the first European politician who ordered to build the barbed wire on the border to keep out migrants on the territory of Hungary.

Hungarian Prime Minister calls migration the “Trojan horse of terrorism,” and, in his own words, opposes “mixing of the Nations”, to “preserve the ethnic composition of the Hungarian people”. Orban clearly maintains its position and refuses to comply with the requirements of the European Union for the reception and distribution of refugees. According to the quotas of the EU, Hungary had to take 1300 refugees. None of them to date and was not allowed into the country. No protests in Hungary itself, no complaints and penalties the EU is not forced Orban to change the selected anti-migration rate.

Orban is an example for populists and conservatives in Germany

For many Hungarians the word of the head of government was no surprise. Orban, co – founder and Chairman of the party “FIDES – the Hungarian civil Union” – is the Prime Minister of the country since 2010. And this is not his first time in high public office. From 1998 to 2002 he has headed the Cabinet of Ministers. In recent years, the tightening of immigration policy became the main political strategy of the Orban. The politician, who early in his career considered a liberal, today claims about the “dangers” which, in his view, “are the migration to Europe”.

Owing to its anti-immigration policy of Orban and his government enjoy the support of voters. At a meeting in early April parliamentary elections the party of Orban’s FIDESZ won an impressive victory, gaining 48.5% of the vote. Since then, the FIDES location, with coalition partner the Christian democratic people’s party controls two-thirds of Parliament.

However, the strategy of the orbán support not only the Hungarians. In Germany, for example, politicians, leftist, sharply criticized Orban, but a number of conservatives from included in the ruling coalition of the Christian social Union (CSU) endorse his views. Orban repeatedly came to Bavaria to meet with politicians from that party. The head of the CSU, the current Minister of internal Affairs of Germany Horst Seehofer (Horst Seehofer), acting for a radical reduction of inflow of migrants in the country and recently big arguing with Angela Merkel on this occasion, in October 2016, called Orban “dear Victor”. Orban, in turn, called politicians from CSU his “brothers in arms”.

The discrepancy between the rhetoric and the number of refugees

However, the situation of migrants in Europe, as it describes the Hungarian Prime Minister, and the importance in the lives of Europeans, which she takes, does not correspond to the real situation.

So, as of December 2017, in 28 EU countries with a population of over 500 million people were 2.3 million migrants. This is 0.45% of the total number of citizens of the European Union. And less share of migrants in terms of population – in Hungary itself. In the transit zone at the border with Serbia, which on their own created Hungary, are now several hundred refugees. According to official figures, in 2017 for asylum in Hungary asked for 3350 people – mostly immigrants from Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria.

About 1,000 of them have received subsidiary protection, i.e. a temporary right to stay in the country because the homeland they are threatened by torture, capital punishment or other imminent danger. And only 100 asylum applications were granted – the applicants should be entitled to remain in the country, they guarantee health care. Within a month they can stay in a hostel for refugees, and then are obliged to provide for themselves.

Now on 10 thousand inhabitants in Hungary accounts for only 6 refugees. For comparison: in Germany this figure is 117. In 2017 in Brussels, Prime Minister Orban said that migrants are not a problem of Europe and Germany.

Now, ahead of meetings with Merkel, according to the newspaper “Bild”, Orban allegedly agreed under certain conditions to conclude an agreement with Germany on the readmission of refugees. But first, according to him, the same agreement Berlin should conclude with Vienna.

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