The meeting of Putin and trump: what will be discussed?

On July 16 Vladimir Putin will meet with Donald trump in Helsinki.

They will discuss the two leaders, is unclear. However, according to Vice-President Mike Pence, a key theme will be economic relations.

According to the Agency Bloomberg, trump can affect the theme of “Russian interference” in the American elections, Russian actions in Ukraine and Syria and other “sensitive” issues.

In the United States in the present context of political relations with Russia is quite tense. The white house is at odds with a team of spectacular Robert Mueller, who reportedly were trying to interview the President of the trump. At the same time, on the eve of the November elections in the U.S. Congress, both concerned about the risk of “further Russian intervention”.

Vladimir Putin and Donald trump will meet in Helsinki on 16 July. About it reports a press-service of the Kremlin. The leaders of Russia and the U.S. will discuss the current state and prospects of further development of Russian-American relations.

In Russia to meet trump and Putin are skeptical. Experts and analysts doubt that trump will be able to give an answer to the questions.

The prevailing view is that the US President is a hostage of the anti-establishment in Washington, and that any agreement can be overruled by Congress or even his own administration.

But what we should not forget that both leaders is a disturbing state of relations between the US and Russia and the possible consequences for the interests of both countries and for global security.

Since the end of the cold war and perhaps even since the beginning of 1980s Moscow and Washington has never been so close to an open military confrontation.

This is a consequence of the extension of combat operations and exercises on land, at sea and in the airspace from the Baltic region to the Middle East. In some cases, the forces of Russia and NATO was on the verge of conflict: they miraculously managed to avoid a collision.

Both Russia and the US intend to invest billions in upgrading their nuclear arsenals, on the one hand, it is good from the point of view of safety and reliability, on the other hand, during a telephone conversation in March, the two presidents acknowledged that it gives the impression of a new “arms race”.

Of particular concern in the light of nuclear risk causes the cyber threat from States or non-state actors. Cyber attacks can cause any of the parties decide to raise your level of combat readiness, thereby causing a reaction on the other hand, which will lead to constant escalation of the conflict.

The upcoming meeting of Putin and trump cannot resolve the fundamental disagreements between Moscow and Washington.

None of the leaders will not make unilateral concessions on issues that it considers critical to the national security of their country. However, the meeting could open the way to stabilize relations, which under the circumstances is in itself a great achievement.

A simple but vital step towards a peaceful settlement there will be a repetition of what at the time was saying presidents Reagan and Gorbachev met in Reykjavik in 1986 : a nuclear war cannot be won and therefore should never lead. In fact thirty-two years ago, American and Soviet leaders considered the possibility of complete elimination of nuclear weapons – a task which in 2009 was supported by presidents Obama and Medvedev.

The Treaty on the elimination of intermediate and short range 1987 actually lost power due to violations on both sides, and after the conclusion of start-III. In this regard, the optimistic planning of nuclear disarmament is hardly on the agenda in Moscow or in Washington. Instead, both sides are now forced to cope with the inevitable negative consequences of the delay in nuclear disarmament.

This is especially true after the US withdrawal from the Joint comprehensive plan of action on Iran’s nuclear program and taking into account the real possibility that Iran could build a weapon that will cause the “nuclear rush” in the middle East. If the upcoming 2020 Conference on control over execution of the Treaty on the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons will be the last milestone of half a century of non-proliferation, Washington and Moscow will have to make their own contractual obligations on the reduction and disarmament.

The war in Syria and Ukraine has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and caused millions of people across the Middle East, Europe and beyond. Washington and Moscow control the resources and leverage needed to control and ultimately resolve these conflicts.

Despite the fact that officials are trying to take small steps (such as implementation of the Minsk agreements in Ukraine, or the resumption of negotiations on Syria in Geneva), the political will is still lacking, and the meeting of the presidents of the USA and Russia is by far the best opportunity for each of them to show their interest in progress.

After years of sanctions and counter-sanctions policies of mutual isolation have spoiled relations between ordinary Americans and Russians. It is not in the interests of any party. Embassy and consular services have suffered big losses after the withdrawal of diplomats from both sides and closing of diplomatic missions of the USA and Russia.

Finally, after years of sanctions and counter-sanctions by a policy of mutual exclusion atrophied relationship between ordinary Americans and Russians to an unacceptable degree that does not meet the interests of both parties. The main Embassy and consular services was severely limited exemption of diplomats from both sides, but also to the closure of diplomatic missions of the USA and Russia.

As a result, the tourism, trade, scientific, cultural and educational exchanges between the countries are experiencing the first sustained period in the last fifty years, since the General agreement on exchange, signed at the height of the cold war in 1958, Even if sanctions are lifted, the presidents of the two countries should indicate clearly that the contacts between diplomats, legislators, businesses, scholars and ordinary citizens are fundamental to a peaceful and productive relationships and therefore is especially important at a time when relations between governments are strained.

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