Four submarines and seven warships will be built for the Russian Navy in 2019. This was reported on March 12 by Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu in Severodvinsk on Sevmash. Opening the meeting, he said: “Today we will discuss issues relating to the delivery of these submarines, as well as the repair of the heavy nuclear missile cruiser Admiral Nakhimov and preparations for the construction of ships of the far sea zone.”
In late February, President Putin, in his message to the Federal Assembly as one of the retaliatory measures of Russia for the US withdrawal from the Treaty on Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles (INF) and the deployment of American missiles in Europe, called the fleet reinforcement. He ordered to accelerate the construction of submarines and ships.
“Prince Vladimir” is a fourth-generation strategic nuclear submarine. This is the fourth ship of Project 955 “Borey” and the first built according to the modernized project 955А (09552) “Borey-A”. Vladimir Putin attended his bookmark, which took place on July 30, 2012. Perhaps that is why now in the West there are legends about the “deadly” power of the new submarine, which, with a fright, the British media even called Putin the Monster.
According to the plans of the Ministry of Defense, the newest Boreas should become the basis of the Russian nuclear nuclear triad, replacing the third generation nuclear icebreakers of the Kalmar 667BDRM and the Dolphin 667BDRM project. Today, three Project 955 cruisers are already on duty in the world’s oceans: in the Northern Fleet – Yuri Dolgoruky; in the Pacific – Alexander Nevsky and Vladimir Monomakh.
All Borey-class cruisers are low-noise – modern sound-absorbing materials are used in their designs, propellers are placed in special ring nozzles, and in case of emergency, instead of propeller-type screws, they can use jet propulsion systems for movement. Boreas are equipped with modern radio-electronic and sonar complexes.
But “Prince Vladimir” is an even more advanced cruiser. It differs somewhat from its predecessors not only in the shape of the superstructure and hull, but also in the fact that it is a much more technological ship. The plans of Sevmash, in addition to “Prince Vladimir”, are four more of its analogs: “Prince Oleg”, “Generalissimo Suvorov”, “Emperor Alexander III” and “Prince Pozharsky.”
“Boreas” – carriers of intercontinental ballistic missiles R-30 “Bulava”. The submarine can carry up to 16 nuclear missiles in mines. Each is equipped with six 150-kiloton individual-guided combat units and is able to easily overcome enemy missile defense systems.
The advantage of the P-30 is the so-called dry start. This is when, before launch, the mine where the rocket flies from is not filled with water. This reduces the likelihood of detection of the submarine by the enemy. In addition, the P-30 can even start from under the thickness of the Arctic ice, which is impossible for other types of missiles.
At Sevmash, the Minister was shown the Kazan submarine. This is the first nuclear submarine, built on an improved project “Yasen-M”.
The innovations introduced into this project concern the element base of radio engineering armament, modernized equipment and materials, as well as fundamentally new architectural features of the hull.
The basis of the arsenal of submarines of the project “Yasen-M” – cruise missiles “Caliber” and supersonic “Onyx”. And, as suggested by a number of experts, after the end of the test cycle, the submarines will also be equipped with hypersonic Zircon missiles. About them recently told Putin. Able to reach a speed of 9-10 Mach and hit targets at a distance of over a thousand kilometers.
In the future, submarines of this project will become the main multi-purpose nuclear submarines of Russia.
The fleet and the heavy nuclear missile cruiser “Admiral Nakhimov” of project 11442 are waiting. Its repair and deep modernization should be completed at Sevmash by 2020. After that, experts say, this “aircraft carrier killer” will become the most powerful ship of the Russian Navy.
The modernization plan provided for the replacement of life support systems, radio equipment, ship power engineering, as well as the installation of the latest computers. They will significantly increase the speed of decision making under combat conditions, and in some situations they will be able to determine the type of target themselves and automatically issue a command to destroy it.
Artillery and rocket weapons will be replaced. There will be hypersonic anti-ship missiles “Zircon”, as well as “Caliber”, received fame after strikes on terrorists in Syria.
Given that the task of hastening the construction of sea-borne missile carriers was set by the Supreme Commander himself, control over its execution will be tough. And Shoigu’s working trip to the largest military shipyard is proof of that.