30.11.2022

Russian Parties Merge Ahead of Highly Anticipated State Duma Race

Three Russian political parties have merged into a single party ahead of this year’s State Duma elections in September, the state-run RIA Novosti news agency reported Thursday.

The leaders of the A Just Russia, For Truth and Patriots of Russia parties signed a unification manifesto to form the new A Just Russia — For Truth party.

It will be led by Sergei Mironov, who previously headed the A Just Russia party.

According to the unifying document obtained by the state-run TASS news agency, the new party will run on “12 principles of truth, patriotism and justice” which include “strengthening the role of the state in the economy, developing a progressive taxation scale, toughening punishments for corruption, increasing the minimum wage, pensions and social benefits, phasing out of the high school state exams and budget decentralization.”

The party merger comes ahead of this fall’s highly anticipated lower-house elections, in which the ruling, pro-Kremlin United Russia party looks to hold onto its majority of nearly 75% of seats.

The new A Just Russia — For Truth party plans to come in second after United Russia in the State Duma elections, TASS reported.

In the run-up to the September vote, opposition leader Alexei Navalny and his Anti-Corruption Foundation have heavily promoted their Smart Voting strategy which encourages Russians to vote for the candidate most likely to unseat the United Russia incumbent.

Observers have said the creation of several new political parties in recent months may be a Kremlin strategy aimed at lowering the Smart Voting strategy’s chances of success.

Russian Passport Holders in East Ukraine May Vote in Duma Elections

Russian passport holders from separatist-held eastern Ukraine could be allowed to vote in this September’s legislative elections, a lawmaker told Interfax on Tuesday.

“They are citizens of the Russian Federation who have gained all the rights and, accordingly, can participate in elections. That’s why Russia is obliged to give them the opportunity to express their will,” Leonid Kalashnikov, who heads the State Duma’s CIS Affairs and Relations With Russian Nationals Abroad Committee, told Interfax.

President Vladimir Putin simplified the path to Russian citizenship for residents of Ukraine’s eastern Donetsk and Luhansk regions in 2019, citing humanitarian concerns for residents of areas where pro-Russian separatists are locked in a bitter war against Ukrainian forces.

More than 240,000 residents of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People’s Republic have since obtained Russian citizenship, according to the latest figures cited by the area’s de-facto leader Denis Pushilin. Russian State Duma Deputy Andrei Kozenko, however, put the number at 400,000 back in January.

Russia’s Central Electoral Commission has not yet determined how voting for Ukraine-based citizens will be organized. Voters may be transported to polling stations in Russia’s neighboring Rostov region to cast their votes, Kalashnikov noted.

However, according to Donetsk’s de-facto leader, residents are hoping for a “more convenient” voting arrangement.

“Citizens of Russia living in the Donetsk and Luhansk republics hope that there will be polling stations here,” Pushilin told Parlamentskaya Gazeta on Tuesday. “It won’t be an exaggeration to say that we are honored to exercise our constitutional right and participate in the Duma elections.”

The ruling, pro-Kremlin United Russia party, which seeks to maintain its State Duma majority in the September vote, has been shoring up support amid record low approval ratings and challenges from opposition figure Alexei Navalny’s “Smart Voting” strategy.

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