In Ukraine, they intend to check the entire system of accruing state payments and deprive them of those to whom they are not entitled. This includes subsidies to the poor, pensions, scholarships, various types of social assistance, etc.
The Ministry of Finance says that they have already “gotten the hang of” more efficient verification, but still, legislation and communication with other government agencies leave much to be desired. Therefore, they developed and promulgated for discussion a bill on verification of payments.
What kind of verification system does the Ministry of Finance offer, how will it turn out for Ukrainians, and whether people’s deputies will accept it.
According to the bill, the Ministry of Finance will control the verification procedure, and it will receive information for processing from those bodies to which citizens apply for a particular payment.
The purpose of the bill is to create an information and analytical platform for monitoring and verification. This is not news: money has already been allocated in the state budget for the creation of the platform. After the platform is launched, the data will be replenished by the information on each payee provided by government agencies.
Also, judging by the bill, the platform will interact with various state bases and registries to find inconsistencies. Platform activities are the responsibility of the Ministry of Finance. The fact that ordinary Ukrainians who receive payments will have access to it is out of the question. But access to state bodies will be limited in accordance with their powers.
Monitoring is also carried out by the Ministry of Finance. He is responsible for the safety of data and on the basis of the available information gives his recommendations on the termination or continuation of payments, or the need to eliminate any contradictions.
The bill does not spell out how regularly inspections will take place, but they can provide data at the request of a government agency. In this case, the Ministry of Finance will have to provide the data so as not to violate the terms of state payments, and it has the right to provide clarifying information within a month.
All payments for which funds are allocated from the state and local budgets: pensions, scholarships, social assistance, benefits, subsidies, etc., will be subject to verification. Verification will take place constantly, and even the end of payments will not save the one who received it from monitoring by the state.
It is understood that the information will be analyzed in three stages:
- when handling – preventive verification. You contact a government agency or local authority, provide information for calculating a particular payment, and the agency sends a request to the information-analytical platform and checks to see if everything is correct;
- in the process of receiving payments – current verification. In the process of receiving payments, information about the recipient will be periodically checked to “sound the alarm” in case of non-compliance;
- after the end of payments – retrospective verification. Within three years after the person ceased to receive payment, he will continue to be “on a pencil” with the Ministry of Finance, in order to understand whether he was deceiving the state authorities at the time of receiving the money. If there was a fraud, for example, additional information appeared about incomes, property, a forgery of documents was revealed, the state agency that made the payments would ask for the return of all the money credited to the person.
The data necessary for verification is the name, date and place of birth, passport, identification number, information on bank accounts, a unique number from the Unified State Demographic Register, information confirming the right to receive payment, and additional documents for charging.
The Finance Ministry says that last year they sent over 2.1 million recommendations to government agencies to suspend or terminate government payments and 23.7 million recommendations to verify information.
In January – March 2018, the pace of the fight against unfair state payments was much more dynamic: 5.87 million recommendations to stop or suspend payments and 0.1 million recommendations to clarify information.
Considering that verification applies to all state payments without exception, more than half of the Ukrainian population will have to check and double-check – students, pensioners, Chernobyl, Afghans, young parents, people with disabilities, orphans, single parents, recipients of subsidies, etc. . So the topic of monitoring cannot but disturb and not cause public resonance. It would seem that before the election, politicians would not want to aggravate relations with voters. But the bill, with one amendment or another, has every chance of getting a vote in parliament.
“I think it is highly likely that they will accept him. This is not only an initiative of the Ukrainian government – it is an element of the requirements of the International Monetary Fund, ”says Ruslan Bortnik, director of the Ukrainian Center for Analysis and Policy Management,“ We pay attention to two obligations to the IMF, but not to the third: except for an anti-corruption court and an increase in gas prices, ” There is a requirement to optimize the costs of the state budget. What are the costs of the state budget? Army, officials and social sphere. Of course, no one will cut officials, and the social sphere will take the brunt of the brunt. The parameters of inspections and reduction of benefits will be discussed – this is flexible, but the process itself is irreversible. The authorities are now solving another question: who in this situation will be extreme, who will answer electorally – the president or the prime minister? The Prime Minister has already stated that there is no money to raise the minimum wage, as the president spoke about. The prime minister says that Ukraine needs to take $ 4 billion of debts annually, otherwise we will simply default – in the next three years we need to pay $ 27 billion. There is an internal struggle, but they will be forced to accept something in order to get an IMF loan. ”
Thoroughly checking those who are going to receive financial assistance from the state is standard practice in Western countries. Obviously, sooner or later, they will come to a three-stage verification. Also, it is now clear which types of payments will be sifted most actively. If payments at birth, benefits to Chernobyl, pensions, scholarships to confirm and verify are not too difficult, then with subsidies the space for manipulation is huge.
The Cabinet of Ministers has already done what is in its power to drop out some of the applicants for subsidies: in the next heating season, they will not be right for owners of new cars, large houses and apartments, some workers in enterprises of the “shadow economy” and zarobitans. (Note by the author – A striking thing: in our country, instead of merciless struggle with the dealers of the “shadow economy”, they are deprived of only “state payments.” Poor “shadow workers” will not receive a subsidy for heating!) . Only due to this, they plan to reduce the number of recipients of state aid by 15-20%. Verification under the new rules will allow even more applicants to be weeded out.
“In principle, the state does not just have the right, but is obliged to control the expenditure of budget funds. So, the decision is not just right, but belatedly right, ”says Alexei Kucherenko, ex-Minister of Housing and Public Utilities. – But for me, as a consumer, it provokes a response. Do you want to check me out? You have the right. But, I want and have the right to check you with your idiotic gas price, muddy, tariff-setting according to an opaque scheme, lack of an accounting system, lack of regulation of consumption. Yes, I, as a consumer, owe it, but tell me what you – mayors, teplokommunenergo, Naftogaz and others owe. ”