The EU intends to adhere to existing agreements with Iran, said Federica Mogherini. Earlier, the United States withdrew from the nuclear agreement with Iran and announced the expansion of sanctions. EU High Representative for Foreign and Security Policy Federica Mogherini called for further implementation of the agreement with Iran. Mogherini announced this on Monday, May 21. According to her, the agreement “belongs to the international community and was approved by the UN Security Council.”
Earlier Monday, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced “the largest sanctions in history” and “unprecedented financial pressure on the regime in Iran.” According to Mogherini, Pompeo “did not demonstrate how the rejection of the nuclear agreement strengthened or will strengthen the degree of protection of the region from nuclear weapons.”
Europe intends to adhere to the existing agreement, said German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas. The current situation directly affects the security interests of Germany and Europe as a whole, the minister said.
In turn, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called the US position correct. It is determined by the need to strengthen security and support the peace process, Netanyahu believes.
US waiver of nuclear agreement with Iran
In early May, President Donald Trump announced the withdrawal of the United States from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (FAP), concluded between Iran, the United States, Russia, China, the UK, France and Germany in 2015 and envisaging Tehran taking a number of steps to limit its nuclear program in exchange for the lifting of sanctions. Trump accused Iran of aiding terrorism and the desire to continue developing nuclear weapons. After withdrawing from the agreement, the United States expanded sanctions against Iran. These sanctions could adversely affect non-US companies doing business in Iran.
The remaining parties to the agreement criticized Trump’s decision and announced their intention to maintain the agreement in force. At the same time, the Iranian Foreign Ministry said that European countries have a period of 45 to 60 days to provide guarantees to protect Iran’s interests and compensation for losses incurred as a result of the US withdrawing from the transaction. If the European parties to the transaction do not do this, Iran warns of the adoption of “forced decisions.”
German Foreign Minister not compromised with US on Iran
During meetings with John Bolton and Mike Pompeo, German Foreign Minister Heiko Mas discussed a nuclear deal with Iran. However, a compromise with Washington on this issue could not be reached. German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas (Heiko Maas) on Wednesday, May 23, held talks in Washington on a nuclear deal with Iran. The head of the German Foreign Ministry met with Trump’s national security adviser John Bolton and US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo. However, no compromise was reached on the issue of agreement, Mas told reporters.
At present, Europe and the United States cannot immediately agree on a common plan of action regarding a nuclear deal with Iran, the head of the German Foreign Ministry said. However, according to him, the United States is an important partner of the EU, therefore, the parties will continue to build a dialogue within which they can exchange various views. “Further development of the situation and discussion around the nuclear deal with Iran will be unequivocally difficult,” Mas admitted after meeting with Bolton.
Mas: the US and Europe have completely different courses
At the same time, the minister said that he had informed John Bolton that European states intend to keep the nuclear deal. “We want changes in Iran’s behavior: with regard to the missile program, as well as the role of Iran, for example, in Syria. But we want this on the basis of the existing agreement, ”said Mas.
The meeting with the US Secretary of State ended with a similar result. According to Mas, as a result of a conversation with Mike Pompeo, he was convinced that the United States and Europe “took two completely different courses.” However, the German Foreign Minister expressed hope that at the upcoming meeting of the foreign ministers of the three European states participating in the agreement with Tehran, and the United States, Washington will give more specific information regarding its further actions with Iran.
US to impose sanctions on business with Iran
Donald Trump on May 8 announced the withdrawal from the agreement that was concluded with Iran by the United States, Russia, China, Britain, France and Germany in 2015 and provides for Tehran to take a number of steps to limit its nuclear program in exchange for lifting sanctions. Trump accused Iran of aiding terrorism and the desire to continue developing nuclear weapons. After withdrawing from the agreement, the United States expanded sanctions against Iran.
In Germany, Trump’s decision is called a “super catastrophe.” The country is one of Tehran’s most important trade and economic partners in the European Union, while the expansion of US sanctions could affect German firms operating in Iran.
Moscow notified WTO of protective measures against US
Due to US duties on steel and aluminum, Russia is losing 537 million dollars. And he intends to recover them from American goods. Moscow notified the Council of the World Trade Organization of its readiness to take equivalent measures against the United States in response to the introduction of duties on the import of aluminum and steel. A corresponding notice was sent by Russia to the WTO on Tuesday, May 22.
By initiating “special protective measures,” Russia may increase duties on US goods by $ 537 million. That is how much Russia must lose due to American duties on steel and aluminum. By introducing these duties, the United States did not conduct negotiations with the WTO with Russia, so Moscow believes that it has the right to introduce unilateral measures.
A similar appeal to the WTO, according to Reuters, was sent by Japan. The losses of this country from US duties amount to 440 million dollars.
The European Union is extremely negative about the US initiative. Brussels intends to ensure that the United States completely abandons the introduction of duties on metals. German Chancellor Angela Merkel on Wednesday, May 2, called them unjustified. According to her, the EU should develop a common position on these measures.
US President Donald Trump announced in March he imposed a duty of 25 percent on steel imports and 10 percent on aluminum imports. Washington later delayed the introduction of new measures for the EU, Canada, and Mexico until June 1.